8 Benefits of Yarrow – And How To Use It In Your Kitchen

Heather Dessinger

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Yarrow Uses

Old Man’s Pepper. Soldier’s Herb. Knight’s Milfoil. Thousand Weed. Nose Bleed. <<– Yarrow has a colorful list of names, and an even richer and more colorful history of use in European, Native American, and Chinese medicine. The ancients called it Herbe Militaris – the Military Herb – because it was often used to staunch bleeding and support wound healing.

If you’re thinking that your battle wounds look more like homemade ketchup stains and you don’t usually need to staunch bleeding, keep reading. Yarrow is useful for so much more than just wound care – according to the revered Bavarian priest and herbalist Father Sebastian Kneipp, “Women could be spared many troubles if they just took yarrow tea from time to time!”(Treben)

In fact, when you ask an herbalist to choose their favorite herb out of all the hundreds and thousands of medicinal gifts available to them, it’s usually an impossible task. However, herbalist Rosalee de la Foret once said that yarrow (Achillea millefolium) is the one plant she would take with her if she was stranded on a deserted island! (HWR)

What are the benefits of yarrow?

Yarrow is one of several herbs that herbalists call “amphoteric”. This term is borrowed from chemistry, where it is used to describe a substance that can both increase and decrease the pH of a solution.

In herbalism, it is used to describe a plant with seemingly opposite actions. For example, yarrow is known both as a hemostatic (stops the flow of blood) and a diffusive (blood moving) herb. This bidirectional action on blood flow explains how it achieves the multitude of actions listed below.

Yarrow Uses And Benefits - Achillea millefolium

How can the same herb have opposite actions?

If you are used to the “one extreme action” of pharmaceuticals, this “amphoterism” seems quite mysterious, and perhaps even implausible. However, if you consider that there are thousands of constituents in herbs, most unknown to us, it becomes a little easier to imagine that when we consume or use whole herbs, the body takes what it needs to accomplish what is required for healing. This in part explains the amphoteric nature of yarrow.

However, herbalist Sam Coffman offers another explanation. He posits that yarrow appears to support clotting in wound healing by the exact same mechanism with which it works on moving the blood in, say, varicose veins: by breaking up stagnation and supporting the movement of new blood cells to the area, thus speeding up the healing process. (Coffman)

So, while from our perspective yarrow may appear amphoteric (both clotting and moving blood simultaneously), at the cellular level it may be accomplishing both things with just one approach –  to help break up stagnation and support the creation of new healthy cells (aka: angiogenesis), thus expediting the healing process.

Yarrow Uses And Benefits

8 Yarrow Uses And Benefits

There are so may ways yarrow can be used, it’s no wonder Rosalee wants this herb deserted with her on that island.

#1 – Yarrow Tea (Hot) Or Tincture For Fevers

“Fevers are our friend” is longstanding wisdom in the herbal tradition. Now, modern medicine is taking the same view.

“Fever is the body’s normal response to infection — it’s a natural defense mechanism,” Dr. Janice Sullivan, a professor of pediatric clinical care and clinical pharmacology at the University of Louisville School of Medicine, told The Washington Post. 

She explains that a high temperature triggers the body’s production of infection-fighting white blood cells, which inhibits the growth of viruses and bacteria, and that “If you lower the fever, you may be affecting the body’s ability to respond to that infection.”

I’ve written before about how to treat a fever naturally by supporting the body, and also discussed guidelines from a pediatrician on when to go to the doctor. Yarrow is one of the remedies mentioned in that post, and for good reason:

This plant is a do-it-all for flu and fever! Yarrow is both an anti-inflammatory as well as being antimicrobial. It reduces pain, is an anti-catarrhal, relaxes circulation, and is a mild sedative, too.” – The Herbal Academy

You’ll find a recipe for yarrow tea below.

8 Benefits And Uses of Yarrow

#2 – Yarrow For Digestive Support

The Cherokee, Gosiute, Iroquois, and Mohegan nations have traditionally used yarrow for digestive support, which makes since because bitter, aromatic herbs help digestion by stimulating the production of bile and pancreatic juices. (Kruidwis)

When used internally, yarrow’s bitterness increases digestion as well as the absorption of nutrients by the body. The astringent gifts of yarrow makes her very useful in stopping diarrhea. . . The bitter properties of yarrow invigorate the liver and help it release bile while the antispasmodic gifts (an agent that relieves spasms or cramps) help in relieving cramps arising out of tensions, wind, colic, or nervous digestion.” (Sobo)

Yarrow is most often taken as a tea or a tincture to support digestion and soothe stomach aches. I like to mix it with other bitter herbs – dandelion root and catnip for example – to make “tummy tea” when my kids need it.

#3 – Yarrow For Headaches

The anti-inflammatory properties of yarrow are thought to be helpful for dull, pounding headaches or migraines that seem to drag on.

Modern research has confirmed the historical use of yarrow to relieve pain caused by a broad range of conditions. Yarrow teas and tinctures contain salicylate-like derivatives such as stigmasterol and beta-sitosterol that reduce the inflammatory process, which may accelerate healing. These compounds stop the formation of enzymes necessary for a series of chemical reactions that cause inflammation and pain.

Yarrow also contains compound designated sesquiterpene lactones, which reduce the action of pain-provoking hormones, the prostaglandins.” (Balch)

#4 – Yarrow Poultice, Compress, Or Salve For Wounds

Scottish Highlanders still make an ointment from yarrow to apply to wounds, which makes sense given it’s pain-relieving and healing properties.

Containing anti-inflammatory and antiseptic oils, as well as astringent tannins and resins, yarrow possesses excellent wound healing gifts. and also contains silica, which will help in repairing damaged tissue.” (Sakellaridis)

The anti-oxidant and cytoprotective properties of yarrow leaves and flowers may also play a role in wound healing.

Yarrow Uses

How To Use Yarrow For Wound Care

Wound PowderDried, powdered yarrow can be applied after wounds are cleaned. Dried yarrow can also be used to make wound healing salves.

Yarrow Tea – Can be used as a wash for cuts and scrapes. (Recipe later in this post)

Poultice or Compress – If you’re wondering about the difference, a poultice is made from the whole herb and a compress is made from an extract like a tea or tincture. You’ll find instructions for making both later in this post.

Infused Oil – Herbal constituents (aka beneficial components) can be extracted using many kinds of mediums: water, alcohol, oil and others. Water based extracts – like this Happy Adrenal Tea – are usually consumed internally, although occasionally they are used externally for issues like skin or eye irritation.

Oil extractions are most often used externally. Also known as infused oils, herbs extracted using oil can be made in a number of ways. I’ll link to a tutorial below on how to make them.

Important note: Infused oils are very different from essential oils. Infused oils use a carrier oil to extract components of the whole plant, while essential oils only extract the light aromatic compounds found in the plant.

Yarrow Salve – Also known as a healing balm, this preparation is a favorite with herbalists.

#5 – Cardiovascular Support

Because it’s an astringent, yarrow is often used to tone veins, which can be helpful for varicose veins and/or hemorrhoids. The blood moving (vasodilation), cytoprotectant and anti-oxidant properties of yarrow leaves and flowers also make it supportive of overall heart health.

#6 – Yarrow Tea (Cold) For Urinary Support

Yarrow is diuretic, and is therefore a wonderful “carrier” to include with urinary antimicrobial herbs for UTIs and other urinary issues to make sure those herbs get to the urinary system. More on natural remedies for UTI’s here.

#7 -Yarrow Tea For Postpartum And Menstrual Support

“Women could be spared many troubles if they just took yarrow tea from time to time!” – Bavarian priest and herbalist Father Sebastian Kneipp (Treben)

Yarrow tea is both blood moving (if you need to get things flowing) and astringent (which is why it’s a used in this healing postpartum bath sitz recipe). Yarrow has also been shown to reduce menstrual-related discomfort. (ULP)

#8 Yarrow For Skin And Hair

Yarrow leaf facial steams can be helpful for clogged pores and yarrow tea as a hair rinse for dry or itchy scalps. You can also drink some of the tea before your shower to achieve any of the therapeutic health benefits above, and even soak a cloth in the tea and lay it over your closed eyes for a headache; look at you multi-tasking!

How much yarrow should I use?

At this point, I know you are reaching for that yarrow! Herbalist Rosalee de la Foret recommends the following adult doses:

  • Yarrow tea: 1tsp/8ounces of water steeped 30 minutes, up to 3-9g/day
  • Fresh yarrow plant tincture of 1:2 ratio in 95% alcohol, 2-5mL/day
  • Dry yarrow plant tincture of 1:5 ratio in 40% alcohol, 2-5mL/day

How To Make Yarrow Tea

Add 1 teaspoon of dried yarrow flower to one cup of boiling water. Cover and steep for 30 minutes, then strain and serve.

Note: I use this basket tea infuser because it comes with a cover for steeping and it makes straining super simple.

How Make Yarrow Tincture

You can buy yarrow tincture here, or you can make your own 1:5 tincture (as recommended above) using the method below.

Mix 1 ounce dried yarrow (by weight) with 5 ounces (by volume) of 80 proof or higher alcohol and allow it to infuse for six to eight weeks. Strain and store in a dark glass dropper bottle.

How To Make Yarrow Salve

Yarrow flowers can be infused in a carrier oil using the exact same process as this calendula infused oil tutorial. It can be directly applied to wounds or used as a base for a healing salve. To make a salve, use the same method as described in this calendula salve recipe.

How To Make A Yarrow Poultice Or Compress

The easiest way to make a poultice is to mix just enough hot water with ground yarrow to make a paste, then apply it to the area. If you have dried herb that is not ground, you’ll need to mash it up a little to make the paste . . . some people opt to do this by chewing it, and others use a mortar and pestle.

To make a compress, simply dip a cloth in strongly brewed tea or a tincture and apply to the area.

Yarrow is used internally (as a tea or tincture) to ease a fever, stimulate digestion, ease stomach issues and headaches, and more. It's also used externally for wound care and beauty applications.

Growing Yarrow

Yarrow grows everywhere the sun shines. It isn’t picky about soil or water, and is a great addition to your yard or balcony. If you can’t fit it in, yarrow is easily harvested from the wild – just make 100% sure you have the right plant and that the area is clean of toxins. You can use every part of the yarrow plant, but it is best to leave the root if possible.

Yarrow Safety And Contraindications

Yarrow is in the aster (ragweed) family, so use cautiously if you have a known allergy. Some people also have a skin allergy to the sesquiterpene lactones, so start with a little to make sure you don’t have any issues.

Is yarrow safe for pregnancy and breastfeeding?

Yarrow is a uterine stimulant and emmenagogue and should not be used internally during pregnancy. Yarrow has also not been proven safe for breastfeeding.

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This article was medically reviewed by Madiha Saeed, MD, a board certified family physician. As always, this is not personal medical advice and we recommend that you talk with your doctor.

Got a question about yarrow?

Please leave it in the comments below!

About the authors: This article was coauthored by Heather Dessinger and Dr. Lori Valentine Rose (PhD). Dr. Rose, PhD is a college biology, nutrition, herbal, and wellness instructor, Certified Nutrition Professional (CNP), Registered Herbalist with the American Herbalist Guild, and is Board Certified in Holistic Nutrition. She created, developed, and instructs the Hill College Holistic Wellness Pathway, the most thorough, affordable, degreed wellness program in the country. She loves spreading love and light, and helping others feel awesome on the inside and out so they can live their dreams and make this world more awesome!

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Heather is a holistic health educator, herbalist, DIYer, Lyme and mold warrior. Since founding Mommypotamus.com in 2009, Heather has been taking complicated health research and making it easy to understand. She shares tested natural recipes and herbal remedies with millions of naturally minded mamas around the world. 

Leave a Comment

53 thoughts on “8 Benefits of Yarrow – And How To Use It In Your Kitchen”

  1. Maybe it’s a stupid question, but are all the colors OK to use ? I have yellow and pink yarrow in my garden, Thank you for your articles !

    • Cecile, this is NOT a stupid question. When dealing with herbs, it is best to be sure. As long as the yarrow is Achillea millefolium, then it should be good for medicinal purposes. Please do check elsewhere, though. This is simply my understanding from what I have read. I hope this helps.

    • In general, traditionally herbalists have used the white yarrow. Sometimes, when varieties are bred for more showy colors, some of the medicinal qualities are bred out. This hasn’t really been tested for yarrow. So, until then, use what ya got. 😉 If you have both, experiment and see which works better. And then let us all know! But, all varieties are safe to use as long as they aren’t sprayed with anything. =)

      • Great comment! Try them both. I always thought colors meant it was stronger but Virgin White is the purest so i am learning.

    • My question is about which parts of the plant to use to make these various teas and concoctions. Should I use the stems separately from the flowers or use all the aerial Parts together in teas and tincture? I can’t seem to find any detailed information about this. People just say “use the ground herb.” Are the roots useful as well? I prefer not to dig herbs out of the ground and let them continue to grow and just harvest the aerial parts the way you do with Nettles and so on. ( I do not have any allergies, so none of that concerns me.)

      Thank you for this article.

  2. I’ve made yarrow tincture for DS who has infrequent, but BIG, nosebleeds. While not the most pleasant tasting tincture, yarrow tincture is a great help to stopping the nosebleed quickly. I am quite fond of yarrow and grow a good deal of it.

    • A little late but other parts can be used as well. The flower heads are the most beneficial, especially pick them when the sun is out!

  3. I was cleaning my kitchen cabinet that holds my Teas. Found a box of Yarrow tea bags. No expiration date. After reading all the good things can I find use for it

  4. I made salve using Yarrow infused oil. I’ve been using it on a family member’s foot sores and it helps a lot. However, I’ve read about Yarrow containing thujone. Is it safe to use daily (for about two to three weeks)? I got myself worried after reading about thujone.

  5. Hi, Heather,
    Great article! You have such a wide audience this will help many begin on a path of using herbs for healing ??
    You may want to double check your instructions on making a tincture. I believe the correct method is 1 oz by weight of the dried herb to 5 ounces by VOLUME of the menstrum (alcohol, in this case). So you weigh out 1 ounce of dried yarrow on your kitchen scale, then measure 5 ounces of alcohol in a measuring cup.
    Hope this helps!

    • Hi Dorothy! I wish I could pin your comment to the top of this post because I would love everyone to see it for two reasons:

      1. You explained in detail what you think the issue is in a way that I can clearly and quickly understand. Because I moderate threads for hundreds of posts each day this is incredibly helpful!

      2. Your friendly tone is a wonderful example of what we need more of online.

      I’ll take a closer look at Rosalee’s recommendations later today. Thanks, Dorothy!

  6. Hi Heather, I am new here. Just a quick one, I’ve had irregular periods for all my life. I am 40 now and I sometimes bleed continuously for 3 months non stop and sometimes I do not see my periods at all. Can yarrow tea help me with this condition as i am tired and helpless. I have been checked, done scans and the diagnosis is hormonal imbalance or what can I use or do to have my periods back to normal?

    • Hi Nandy, unfortunately I am unable to offer guidance for specific situations. A well-trained herbalist would be the person I’d reach out to. The American Herbalists Guild might be able to help you connect with one in your area.

  7. Hi I am wondering if yarrow can help with IBS and fibromyalgia? I am not a practising herbalist but a massage therapist. And I live in the Yarrow Valley in the Scottish Borders. It’s literally right on my doorstep! Wild and with no/ little toxins. Many thanks

  8. Thank you for such a comprehensive and informative article! I was recently delighted to find a large patch of yarrow growing in a meadow-area on our property and am planning some uses for it. I was wondering – for an oil extraction to use in salves – should the fresh herb be used or dry? I’ve heard dry is best to prevent the oil from going rancid after a year, but wanted to make sure there wouldn’t be a sacrifice of potency. Also – would a vinegar tincture work, as well? Thanks again!

  9. I am a little late picking my yarrow and it has turned brown. Is anything still useful to use as a tea?

    I also picked yarrow about a month ago and was drying it out in the shed. Is it too late to harvest it for tea? I should have googled harvesting it before I picked it.

  10. 5 stars
    Hi to all Yarrow fans!!!
    Firstly, thank you all for your valuable information.
    I’m in Perth Australia, I would like to try using Yarrow as poultice on an open wound.
    Should I prepare it with some kind of oil or could I use rubbing alcohol to make a paste and then apply it to the wound. Or is it not suitable/dangerous to apply to an open wound.

  11. I’m interested in results experienced by your readers. Tincturing is a great way to preserve herbs. I have invested in organic cut and sifted herbs from different suppliers. Can’t wait to try the tea suggested here. Thanks for the testimonials!

  12. I have red flowered yarrow growing in our yard. Some say not to use it as it is not as useful as the white flowered variety. Thoughts? Also, only the flowers for tea?

  13. I’ve powdered yarrow leaves and some small stems. I powdered the flowers it did not put them together. I’ll use this powder for cuts and nose bleeds Do I mix them together and use for the above

  14. Hi was wondering can I make tea from yarrow leaves? And if I can what are the benefits of taking tea made from the leaves?
    Thank you

  15. Why should you only drink yarrow tea for 2 weeks? I sometimes get heartburn and I find it terrific for that. I was never hungry but now I find I eat more since drinking yarrow. Is it not safe to drink it every day. I hope not as I find it wonderful. Thank you for your help.

  16. 3 stars
    Yarrow: it would be helpful if all the recipes specifically state the flower or the leaves, or both. The tea directions indicate the crushed dried flower (OK!) The other recipes do not. For instance, the poultice – are we to use crushed dried yarrow leaves, flower, or both? Thank You 🙂

  17. From my understanding, it’s the flowers and fern-like leaves that you collect for your teas and tinctures. I dried the leaves, and just snipped off the “excess” stems and put the into the compost; and for the flowers, I just snipped off the flower heads and tossed the stems into the compost pile.

  18. Hi there, I am wondering if yarrow would be helpful for inflammation from a bulging spinal disc? My sister is in need of pain relief in her lower back. She was rear ended over a year ago and is still having much pain after therapy, massage, and chiropractic care.

    • Hi Susannah, I’m so sorry to hear about what your sister is going through, and I’m so glad you are researching natural ways to support her. Unfortunately your question is outside the scope of what I am able to cover, but a clinical herbalist may be able to give you an answer and/or provide other suggestions. Has she seen a chiropractor that uses laser therapy? I really like Erchonia’s lasers for pain/healing support – they have a list of practitioners that own their products on their site.

  19. I have a recipe for a roasted beet humus that calls for yarrow. I have never used it before and can’t find it , do you have any suggestions of where to find the seeds for grinding or buy like a spice?